New Emission Norms for Ships in 2020

New Emission Norms for Ships in 2020

As an effort to limit harmful emissions, starting Jan. 1, 2020, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) requires the use of bunker fuel with a sulfur limit of 0.5%, down from 3.5% currently. Only ships fitted with expensive exhaust cleaning systems, known as scrubbers, which can remove sulfur from emissions, will be allowed to continue burning HSFO (high-sulfur fuel oil).

Even with the shift to compliant fuels such as low-sufur fuel oil or marine gasoil, HSFO should still constitute about 15-20% of the entire marine fuel product mix, industry sources and traders said. The global shipping industry currently consumes about 3.6 million barrels per day (bpd) of HSFO.

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About the author

Dr. Mariana Damova is the CEO of Mozaika, a company providing research and solutions in the field of data science, reasoning with natural language semantics, and natural human computer interfaces, creativity enhancing applications, and research infrastructures for the humanities. Previously, she was a Business development Manager and a Knowledge Management Expert specializing in ontology engineering and linked data management at a world leading technology provider. She was instrumental in the successful winning and knowledge modelling of large data integration and management projects such as the Semantic Knowledge Base for The National Archive of the United Kingdom and Research Space for the British Museum, as well as European FP7 projects such as Europeana Creative and Multisensor. Her work focuses on the design and development of data integration infrastructures which allow efficient querying, access and navigation over linked data. She has managed the building of the official experimental Europeana SPARQL endpoint holding Europeana semantic data. Mariana holds a PhD from the University of Stuttgart and teaches semantic technologies and multimedia at the New Bulgarian University in Sofia. She regularly reviews books and articles for ACM ComputingReviews.com and has authored books and scientific articles in linguistics and semantic technologies. She has successfully lead international interdisciplinary teams and projects carrying technological risks, driven and managed change in engineering and operational contexts in North America and in Europe, and acquired the ability to leverage marketing requirements with knowledge intense technological solutions.

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